Ants are eusocial insects native to Earth. They are among the most socially advanced species on the planet, being one of the few earthly creatures capable of operating as a unified entity. Ants form organized colonies that may occupy large territories and consist of millions of workers. Most colonies consist mostly of sterile, wingless females forming castes of specialized groups, while one fertile female and one fertile male. The queen and her drones are in charge of breeding other workers.
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Ants were a significant item of scientific focus for Doctor Hank Pym. In his studies, he created the Ant-Man Suit, which not only allowed the user to shrink down to the size of an ant, but also allowed them to communicate and manipulate the activity of actual ants.
When Loki first arrived on Earth and announced his intentions to conquer it, he compared humanity's lack of quarrel with him to an ant's lack of quarrel with a boot. Following his comparison, when Nick Fury saw Loki imprisoned aboard the Helicarrier, he called Loki an ant and the cage his boot.
In order to make sense of Alphonso Mackenzie's sudden change in behavior after entering the Kree City, Leo Fitz and Jemma Simmons compared his mind controlled state to the entomopathogen known as: Ophiocordyceps unilateralis, a fungus that corrupts the minds of ants and transforms them into "Zombie Ants".
Upon taking the Ant-Man Suit from Hank Pym's vault and being subsequently bestowed the title of the Ant-Man, Scott Lang was taught how to use four different species of ants to aid him in his heist of Cross Technologies to destroy the Yellowjacket Suit.
Lang went underground where he met Crazy Ants. One ant jumped on him in a playful manner; suddenly, Lang was swarmed by the insects. Lang subsequently returned to human size, as Hope van Dyne and Hank Pym watched, causing Lang to feel embarrassed.
Scott Lang had ants help him in his fight against Darren Cross during the Duel at Maggie Lang's House. The miniature Cross had to defend himself from their attack as Lang threw pieces of a train set at him.
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- Bullet Ants - Paraponera clavata
- Carpenter Ants - Camponotus pennsylvanicus
Ant-Man used these as transportation, in particular the flying male drones such as Ant-thony.
(Although called male in the movie, Ant-thony is actually a queen ant.)
- Crazy Ants - Nylanderia fulva
These ants can conduct electricity and can be used to carry cameras and other devices, like electric coils that Ant-Man used to fry Cross Technologies's computers.
These ants are commonly called "crazy ants" because, instead of following straight lines, they dash around erratically.
- Fire Ants - Solenopsis mandibularis (Now known as Solenopsis geminata)
Fire ants are strong and durable. Ant-Man used them to create long structures, like rafts and bridges.