Marvel Cinematic Universe

Life-Model Decoy

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"So much could go wrong."
"Ultron, yes, I know. But this is not A.I. A.I. is banned and that's good; this is mimicry of human behavior."
"But still, this can be used as a weapon. Is that the idea?"
"No, absolutely not!"
Leo Fitz and Holden Radcliffe[src]

The Life-Model Decoys, or L.M.D.s, are androids designed to replicate every feature of a living person. They were designed by S.H.I.E.L.D. to be distractions and life-saving substitutes of their agents.


"You have reached the Life-Model Decoy of Tony Stark; please leave a message."
Tony Stark[src]

Tony Stark was evidently aware of the project as he jokingly purported himself to be his own Life-Model Decoy, analogous to an answering machine, to Phil Coulson when he arrived at Stark Tower to collect Stark for the Avengers Initiative in light of the destruction of Project P.E.G.A.S.U.S.[1]

Agents Billy Koenig and Sam Koenig participated at the original Life-Model Decoy program of S.H.I.E.L.D. as programmers.[2]

Holden Radcliffe created a body for the artificial intelligence that served as his assistant, Aida, based on the old S.H.I.E.L.D. program, believing that it would prevent the deaths that Leo Fitz and Jemma Simmons, of whom he had grown fond, had to witness.[3] Aida was programmed as a decoy target for S.H.I.E.L.D. agents.[4]

Aida also created an L.M.D. of Agent Melinda May, which took the place of the real one,[5] and Radcliffe also created an L.M.D. of himself,[6] which was ultimately destroyed.[2] Later, L.M.D.s of Phil Coulson, Daisy Johnson, Jeffrey Mace and Alphonzo Mackenzie were created by Aida too.



Appearances for Life-Model Decoys

In chronological order:


  • In the comics, Life-Model Decoys are androids used by S.H.I.E.L.D. to substitute their top agent Nick Fury, who would have often used the LMDs in his battle against HYDRA.


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