Marvel Cinematic Universe

Sokovia Accords

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"The Sokovia Accords. Approved by 117 countries, it states that the Avengers shall no longer be a private organization. Instead, they'll operate under the supervision of a United Nations panel, only when and if that panel deems it necessary."
Thaddeus Ross to the Avengers[src]

The Sokovia Accords are a set of internationally ratified legal documents that provide regulation and frame-working for the military/law enforcement deployment of enhanced individuals (including Inhumans), particularly those working for private organizations (like the Avengers) or for specific government agencies (such as S.H.I.E.L.D.). The document was established by the United Nations and ratified by the governments of 117 states.

Thaddeus Ross describes the Accords as a "middle point" between the Avengers' desire to secure world peace and the world governments' concerns over the destructive repercussions of their interference.


Approaching the Avengers

Ross Civil War Teaser

Thaddeus Ross talks with the Avengers

"If we sign this, we surrender the right to choose."
Captain America to Iron Man[src]

The events in Sokovia and Lagos caused the international community to demand greater accountability and oversight for the Avengers due to the collateral damage resulting in civilian deaths and heavy financial costs during their operations. Thaddeus Ross, now serving as U.S. Secretary of State, approached Captain America to present him with the Sokovia Accords, explaining that there is a disagreement between whether the Avengers should be considered heroes or vigilantes.

He considered them dangers, viewing them as a group of U.S.-based superhumans conducting global operations unilaterally without any government oversight, and explained that the "unlimited" power with which they have operated could no longer be tolerated by the international community. He presented archive footage from New York, Washington D.C., Sokovia and Lagos, all showing destruction and civilians fleeing for their lives to justify governmental oversight for the Avengers, telling them that they have to retire if they did not comply, before leaving to allow them to discuss it among themselves.[1]

Impact on S.H.I.E.L.D.


General Glenn Talbot discusses the Accords

"I'm here because the President sent me. The Sokovia Accords are the law of the land now and he's concerned you might have some undocumented "assets" working for you."
Glenn Talbot to Phil Coulson[src]

Since the end of the HYDRA Uprising the US intelligence agency S.H.I.E.L.D. officially didn't exist anymore. However, it continued to secretly operate as the black ops division of President Matthew Ellis's administration. When the Accords were ratified by the US Government, the President sent Brigadier General Glenn Talbot to speak with S.H.I.E.L.D.'s Director Phil Coulson about registering all of S.H.I.E.L.D.'s "undocumented enhanced assets", mainly the Inhuman operatives, because that was required by the Accords. Talbot and Coulson had a discussion about the rightfulness of the Accords themselves, compared to the Index of Superhumans once used by S.H.I.E.L.D. and eventually regretted. [2] However, Talbot revealed to the President the location of the Playground. Under the leadership of a new director, Jeffrey Mace, S.H.I.E.L.D. accepted the Accords, therefore becoming legal again.[3]



According to a newspaper clipping several months after the defeat of Hive, Quake's vigilantism made some people question the effectivity of the Accords in actual implementation of the measures.[4]

The Watchdogs, with the help of Senator Ellen Nadeer, got the list from the Accords of several Inhumans around the world and their locations. They caused blackouts in major cities around the world, and one of the Watchdogs presented himself as an Inhuman to the world in order to incite anti-Inhuman bigotry, claiming that more blackouts would occur if the registration of Inhumans did not stop. Other Watchdogs members used the blackout in order to kill 17 registered Inhumans.[5]


"How does this registration thing work? You put us on a list then what?"
"Well, we collect fingerprints, DNA samples. We run a power analysis to categorize your threat level which is also used to determine health risks."
"Fine, I'll register, sign me up."
Lincoln Campbell and Glenn Talbot[src]

The currently known regulations established by the Sokovia Accords include:

  • The Avengers will no longer be a private organization, and will now be operating under the supervision of the United Nations.
  • Enhanced individuals who sign the Accords must register with the United Nations, providing biometric data (such as fingerprints and DNA samples). Those with innate powers must also submit to a power analysis. This information is used to categorize their threat level and to determine potential health risks to them.
  • Any enhanced individual who does not sign the Accords may not take part in any national or global conflict, nor may they participate in any missions undertaken by the Avengers, S.H.I.E.L.D., or any other paramilitary/intelligence organization.
  • Enhanced individuals (including the Avengers and agents of S.H.I.E.L.D.) will no longer have authorization to cross international boundaries at any time they wish.
  • Enhanced individuals must be given clearance by a nation's government or a United Nation subcommittee before taking any action in that country, either on their own or as a part of an organization (such as the Avengers or S.H.I.E.L.D.).
  • If any enhanced individual takes any unauthorized action, or obstructs the actions of those who are acting in accordance with the Accords, they will be arrested.[1]
  • Enhanced individuals who break the law, violate the Accords, or are otherwise deemed to be a threat to the public may be detained indefinitely without trial.
  • All enhanced individuals with innate powers have to wear tracking bracelets.
  • The creation of self-aware A.I. is prohibited.

For the purposes of the Sokovia Accords, an "enhanced individual" is defined as any person (human or otherwise) with superhuman capabilities. This includes people whose superhuman powers and traits are an innate function of their biology (as is the case with all Inhumans, aliens, and androids, as well as humans whose bodies have been permanently altered), but it also includes people who utilize highly advanced technological devices (such as Tony Stark's armors or Hank Pym's shrinking suits) to grant themselves superhuman capabilities. However, individuals with advanced prosthetics do not seem to be considered "enhanced", even if their prosthetics give them capabilities beyond those of ordinary humans (e.g. Phil Coulson's cybernetic hand, Holden Radcliffe's synthetic eye).

Non-enhanced members of the Avengers appear to be subject to the same conditions and restrictions as enhanced individuals: Black Widow was required to sign the Accords in order to continue serving on the team, and Hawkeye was imprisoned on the Raft (a prison for enhanced individuals) after violating the Accords.

Key Players

Ratifying Nations




Appearances for Sokovia Accords

In chronological order:



  • The Sokovia Accords are a version of the Superhuman Registration Act from the Civil War comic series. The Act is a piece of United States legislation that required all superhumans to reveal their secret identities and disclose their powers for regulation.
  • The newspaper clipping regarding Quake erroneously refers to the Sokovia Accords as the "Sokovian Accords".[4]


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