|Strategic Scientific Reserve|
|Founder||Franklin D. Roosevelt|
|Notable members|| Abraham Erskine|
|Headquarters||Strategic Scientific Reserve Headquarters, London (formerly)|
|Locations|| United States of America|
|Movie|| Captain America: The First Avenger|
Captain America: The Winter Soldier (mentioned)
Avengers: Age of Ultron
|TV series|| Agents of S.H.I.E.L.D.|
|Game||Captain America: Super Soldier|
|Comic|| Captain America: First Vengeance|
Captain America: The First Avenger Adaptation
The Avengers: The Avengers Initiative
|Status||Absorbed into S.H.I.E.L.D.|
- "The Strategic Scientific Reserve is an Allied effort made up of the best minds in the free world. Our goal is to create the best army in history. But every army starts with one man."
- ―Chester Phillips
World War IIEdit
- "We are going to win this war because we have the best men. And because they're gonna get better. Much...better."
- ―Chester Phillips
The Strategic Scientific Reserve was formed in 1940 on the orders of President Franklin D. Roosevelt. Although the United States wasn't directly involved in World War II at the time, Roosevelt knew that the situation was only temporary, because Adolf Hitler and his Third Reich were the greatest threat to the free world.
The commanding officer of the Strategic Scientific Reserve was Colonel Chester Phillips. The same year the Strategic Scientific Reserve was formed, he persuaded the American industrialist Howard Stark to join the agency, after a group of assassins sent by HYDRA, Hitler's special weapons division, tried to kill them both.
Shortly after, they organized the rescue of Abraham Erskine from Castle Kaufmann, where he was being held by Johann Schmidt, the commanding officer of HYDRA. Phillips sent one of his best agents, Peggy Carter, to secure Erskine's release.
The goal of the Strategic Scientific Reserve was to create an army of super soldiers that could defeat anything the Axis powers had on the battlefield. This led to, Project Rebirth, based on the work of their newest acquisition, Erskine, and the subsequent transformation of Steve Rogers into Captain America.
In November 1943, several members of the Strategic Scientific Reserve were in Italy. When Steve Rogers discovered that his friend Bucky Barnes was captured by HYDRA, he flew behind enemy lines and led a successful escape of prisoners from the HYDRA factory in Austria.
In the SSR's headquarters in London, Chester Phillips wanted to form a team of soldiers to assist Rogers in taking down HYDRA bases, but he turned down the offer, instead forming the Howling Commandos from the rescued prisoners.
Over the next year, the Howling Commandos progressively managed to destroy most major HYDRA operations, every time postponing Schmidt's planned worldwide offensive. At the beginning of 1945, Schmidt's top scientist Arnim Zola was captured and brought to the SSR's headquarters in London, where he revealed Schmidt's plans.
Loss of Captain AmericaEdit
With the intelligence obtained from Zola, the SSR planned an attack on Schimdt's fortress in the Alps. A huge detachment of the US Army assisted the SSR in the attack and the fortress was captured after a relatively short fight. Though Schmidt escaped with the massive aircraft bomber, the Valkyrie, so he could use weapons of mass destruction on American cities, Rogers managed to board the plane and cause its fall into the icy waters of North Atlantic.
- "These assets are now under the protection of the Strategic Scientific Reserve. They'll be relocated and hidden out of sight, indefinitely, as will you."
"Cut off one head, two more shall grow in its place."
"Then I guess we'll keep cutting them off."
- ―Peggy Carter and Werner Reinhardt
In 1945, the efforts of the Strategic Scientific Reserve were successful. Peggy Carter and a team then took down the last known HYDRA base in Austria, capturing General Werner Reinhardt and the first 0-8-4, the Obelisk. Reinhardt was placed in the SSR facility called the Rat, interrogated, and given a life sentence. HYDRA was destroyed, and the Axis powers defeated.
The SSR facility in London was dismantled and abandoned. However, the SSR's work wasn't finished yet.
This section requires expansion
- "I want action plans on my desk in one hour. Stay vigilant. I'm not losing any more of you."
- ―Roger Dooley to his agents
The end of the war did not mean the end of the agency. The Strategic Scientific Reserve continued with its activities, because new threats to the USA arose after the war. Howard Stark was accused of selling arms to the enemy during the war, and then he disappeared without a trace. Chief Roger Dooley of the New York City SSR branch was ordered to find Stark.
Eventually, Dooley and his men discovered that the real mastermind behind the theft was Leviathan, the Soviet spy agency formed after World War I. A team of agents led by Jack Thompson and Peggy Carter went to Belarus, where they were assisted by the Howling Commandos in liberating Doctor Ivchenko, a prisoner of Leviathan, whom they brought back to the United States of America.
In 1946, the SSR was working on the Zodiac case. The case was successfully solved by Agent Peggy Carter. Later that year, a new agency, the Strategic Homeland Intervention, Enforcement and Logistics Division, also known as S.H.I.E.L.D., was formed. The SSR was absorbed into S.H.I.E.L.D., becoming one of its subdivions.
Subdivision of S.H.I.E.L.D.Edit
After the formation of S.H.I.E.L.D., the Strategic Scientific Reserve became its research division, making weapons and inventions for the organization. One of the SSR's facilities was re-purposed as the S.H.I.E.L.D. Academy of Science and Technology and was used to train gifted young adults to become S.H.I.E.L.D. scientists.
After the Battle of New York, S.H.I.E.L.D. Director Nick Fury took possession of several old SSR bases and furnished them with modern technology. He put only the most trusted agents in charge of those bases, the Koenig brothers among them. After the HYDRA Uprising, those bases became the first facilities of the reorganized S.H.I.E.L.D. led by Phil Coulson. A base called the Playground became the agency's headquarters.
|Name||Position||Status during activity|
|John Flynn||Senior Agent||Active|
|Steve Rogers||Captain America/Howling Commando||Presumed Deceased|
|Bucky Barnes||Howling Commando||Presumed Deceased|
|Dum Dum Dugan||Howling Commando||Active|
|Jim Morita||Howling Commando||Active|
|Gabe Jones||Howling Commando||Active|
|Jacques Dernier||Howling Commando||Active|
|James Montgomery Falsworth||Howling Commando||Active|
|Gilmore Hodge||Super Soldier Program Candidate||Denied|
- Strategic Scientific Reserve Headquarters
- Strategic Scientific Reserve New York Office
- New York Bell Company Office
- Camp Lehigh
- Strategic Scientific Reserve Brooklyn Facility
- The Rat
This section requires expansion
Behind the ScenesEdit
- According to Captain America: The First Avenger concept artist Ryan Meinerding, "The SSR logo was a way of unifying the modern S.H.I.E.L.D. logo with its 1940s counterpart using the eagle symbol, as well as using the eagle's wings as a symbol for Cap's helmet and the Invaders."
|Appearances for Strategic Scientific Reserve|
In chronological order:
- ↑ Behind the Scenes Image
- ↑ Captain America: First Vengeance, Volume 5
- ↑ Captain America: First Vengeance, Volume 3
- ↑ 4.0 4.1 4.2 4.3 Captain America: The First Avenger
- ↑ Agents of S.H.I.E.L.D.: 2.01: Shadows
- ↑ Agents of S.H.I.E.L.D.: 2.08: The Things We Bury
- ↑ Agent Carter: 1.01: Now is Not the End
- ↑ Agent Carter: 1.05: The Iron Ceiling
- ↑ Captain America: The Winter Soldier
- ↑ Marvel One-Shot: Agent Carter
- ↑ Agents of S.H.I.E.L.D.: 1.12: Seeds
- ↑ The Art of Captain America: The First Avenger, pg. 111