Marvel Cinematic Universe

Strategic Scientific Reserve

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Strategic Scientific Reserve
Leader Chester Phillips
Notable members Chester Phillips
Abraham Erskine
Peggy Carter
Howard Stark
John Flynn
Headquarters Strategic Scientific Reserve Headquarters, London
Locations United States of America
United Kingdom
Affiliation Allies
Movie Captain America: The First Avenger
Captain America: The Winter Soldier (mentioned)
Avengers: Age of Ultron[1]
One-Shot Agent Carter
TV series Agents of S.H.I.E.L.D.
Agent Carter
Game Captain America: Super Soldier
Comic Captain America: First Vengeance
Captain America: The First Avenger Adaptation
The Avengers: The Avengers Initiative
Status Absorbed into S.H.I.E.L.D.
"The Strategic Scientific Reserve is an Allied effort made up of the best minds in the free world. Our goal is to create the best army in history. But every army starts with one man."
Chester Phillips[src]

The Strategic Scientific Reserve (S.S.R.) was the top secret Allied war agency during World War II. It later was absorbed by S.H.I.E.L.D. after its founding.


The Strategic Scientific Reserve was formed in 1940 on the orders of President Franklin D. Roosevelt. Though the United States wasn't directly involved in World War II at the time, Roosevelt knew that such situation was only temporary, because Adolf Hitler and his Third Reich were the greatest threat to the free world.

The commanding officer of the Strategic Scientific Reserve was Colonel Chester Phillips. The same year when the Strategic Scientific Reserve was formed, he persuaded the American industrialist Howard Stark to join the agency, after the group of assassins sent by HYDRA, Hitler's special weapons division, tried to kill them both.[2]

Shortly after, they organized the rescue of Abraham Erskine from Castle Kaufmann where he was being held by Johann Schmidt, the commanding officer of HYDRA. Phillips sent one of his best agents, Peggy Carter, to secure Erskine's release.[3]

The goal of the Strategic Scientific Reserve was to create an army of super soldiers that could defeat anything the Axis powers had on the battlefield. This led to the Project Rebirth based on the work of their newest acquisition, Erskine, and transformation of Steve Rogers into Captain America.[4]


The SSR forces hunting down HYDRA.

After Abraham Erskine was killed by Heinz Kruger, the top priority mission of the Strategic Scientific Reserve was to take down HYDRA.[4]

In November 1943, several members of the Strategic Scientific Reserve were in Italy. When Steve Rogers discovered that his friend Bucky Barnes was captured by HYDRA, he flew behind enemy lines and led a successful escape of prisoners from the HYDRA factory in Austria.[4]

SSR turns into SHIELD

The file that passes all SSR's federal functions and responsabilities into S.H.I.E.L.D.[5]

In 1945, the efforts of the Strategic Scientific Reserve were successful. Peggy Carter and a team then took down the last known HYDRA base in Austria, capturing General Werner Reinhardt and the first 0-8-4, the Obelisk.[6] Reinhardt was placed in the SSR facility called the Rat, interrogated, and given a life sentence.[7] HYDRA was destroyed, and the Axis powers defeated.[4] The Strategic Scientific Reserve continued for a short time after the war, taking on cases such as the Zodiac, but was disbanded in 1946 and its former membership absorbed into a new agency, S.H.I.E.L.D..[8]

After the formation of S.H.I.E.L.D., the Strategic Scientific Reserve was absorbed into the agency, forming the research division and making weapons and inventions for the organization. One of the organization's facilities was re-purposed as the S.H.I.E.L.D. Academy of Science and Technology and was used to train gifted young adults to become S.H.I.E.L.D. scientists.[9]




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