Marvel Cinematic Universe

Strategic Scientific Reserve

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Strategic Scientific Reserve
Founder Franklin D. Roosevelt
Leader Chester Phillips
Notable members Abraham Erskine
Peggy Carter
Howard Stark
Steve Rogers
Roger Dooley
Jack Thompson
Daniel Sousa
John Flynn
Headquarters Strategic Scientific Reserve Headquarters, London (formerly)
Locations United States of America
United Kingdom
Affiliation Allies
Movie Captain America: The First Avenger
Captain America: The Winter Soldier (mentioned)
Avengers: Age of Ultron[1]
One-Shot Agent Carter
TV series Agents of S.H.I.E.L.D.
Agent Carter
Game Captain America: Super Soldier
Comic Captain America: First Vengeance
Captain America: The First Avenger Adaptation
The Avengers: The Avengers Initiative
Status Absorbed into S.H.I.E.L.D.
"The Strategic Scientific Reserve is an Allied effort made up of the best minds in the free world. Our goal is to create the best army in history. But every army starts with one man."
Chester Phillips[src]

The Strategic Scientific Reserve (S.S.R.) was the top secret Allied war agency during World War II. It later was absorbed by S.H.I.E.L.D. after its founding.


World War IIEdit

Project RebirthEdit

"We are going to win this war because we have the best men. And because they're gonna get better. Much...better."
Chester Phillips[src]

The Strategic Scientific Reserve was formed in 1940 on the orders of President Franklin D. Roosevelt. Though the United States wasn't directly involved in World War II at the time, Roosevelt knew that such situation was only temporary, because Adolf Hitler and his Third Reich were the greatest threat to the free world.

The commanding officer of the Strategic Scientific Reserve was Colonel Chester Phillips. The same year when the Strategic Scientific Reserve was formed, he persuaded the American industrialist Howard Stark to join the agency, after the group of assassins sent by HYDRA, Hitler's special weapons division, tried to kill them both.[2]

Shortly after, they organized the rescue of Abraham Erskine from Castle Kaufmann where he was being held by Johann Schmidt, the commanding officer of HYDRA. Phillips sent one of his best agents, Peggy Carter, to secure Erskine's release.[3]

The goal of the Strategic Scientific Reserve was to create an army of super soldiers that could defeat anything the Axis powers had on the battlefield. This led to the Project Rebirth based on the work of their newest acquisition, Erskine, and transformation of Steve Rogers into Captain America.[4]


The SSR forces hunting down HYDRA.

After Abraham Erskine was killed by Heinz Kruger, the top priority mission of the Strategic Scientific Reserve was to take down HYDRA.[4]

Battling HYDRAEdit

"I spoke to the President this morning. As of today, the S.S.R. is being retasked."
"We are taking the fight to HYDRA.
Chester Phillips and Peggy Carter[src]

In November 1943, several members of the Strategic Scientific Reserve were in Italy. When Steve Rogers discovered that his friend Bucky Barnes was captured by HYDRA, he flew behind enemy lines and led a successful escape of prisoners from the HYDRA factory in Austria.[4]

Back in the SSR's headquarters in London, Chester Phillips wanted to form a team of best soldiers to assist Rogers in taking down HYDRA bases, but he turned down the offer, instead forming the Howling Commandos from the rescued prisoners.

Over the next year, the Howling Commandos progressively managed to destroy most major HYDRA operations, every time postponing Schmidt's planned worldwide offensive. At the beginning of 1945, Schmidt's top scientist Arnim Zola was captured and brought to the SSR's headquarters in London, where he revealed Schmidt's plans.

Loss of Captain AmericaEdit

"HYDRA's last base is here. In the Alps. Five hundred feet below the surface."
"So, what are we supposed to do? I mean, it's not like we can just knock on the front door."
"Why not? That's exactly what we're gonna do.
Chester Phillips, Jim Morita, and Steve Rogers[src]

With the intelligence obtained from Zola, the SSR planned an attack on Schimdt's fortress in the Alps. A huge detachment of the US Army assisted the SSR in the attack and the fortress was captured after a relatively short fight. Though Schmidt escaped with the massive aircraft bomber, the Valkyrie, so he could use weapons of mass destruction on American cities, Rogers managed to board the plane and cause its fall into the icy waters of North Atlantic.

Last BattleEdit

"These assets are now under the protection of the Strategic Scientific Reserve. They'll be relocated and hidden out of sight, indefinitely, as will you."
"Cut off one head, two more shall grow in its place."
"Then I guess we'll keep cutting them off.
―Peggy Carter and Werner Reinhardt[src]

In 1945, the efforts of the Strategic Scientific Reserve were successful. Peggy Carter and a team then took down the last known HYDRA base in Austria, capturing General Werner Reinhardt and the first 0-8-4, the Obelisk.[5] Reinhardt was placed in the SSR facility called the Rat, interrogated, and given a life sentence.[6] HYDRA was destroyed, and the Axis powers defeated.[4]

The SSR facility in London was dismantled and abandoned. However, the SSR's work wasn't finished yet.

Post-War ActionsEdit

Stolen WeaponsEdit


SSR agents Ray Krzeminski, Jack Thompson, and Yauch.

"I want action plans on my desk in one hour. Stay vigilant. I'm not losing any more of you."
Roger Dooley to his agents[src]

The end of the war did not mean the end of the agency. The Strategic Scientific Reserve continued with its activities, because new threats to the USA arose after the war. Howard Stark was accused of selling arms to the enemy during the war, and then he disappeared without a trace. Chief Roger Dooley of the New York City SSR branch was ordered to find Stark.

Eventually, Dooley and his men discovered that the real mastermind behind the theft was Leviathan, the Soviet spy agency formed after World War I. A team of agents led by Jack Thompson and Peggy Carter went to Belarus, where they were assisted by the Howling Commandos in liberating Doctor Ivchenko, a prisoner of Leviathan, whom they brought back to the USA.


SSR turns into SHIELD

The file that passes all SSR's federal functions and responsibilities into S.H.I.E.L.D.[7]

"Agent Flynn, sir, it's been three months now and I've yet to have be sent on my first assignment."
"Peggy, relax, war is over. We'll handle the rough stuff.
Peggy Carter and John Flynn[src]

In 1946, the SSR was working on the Zodiac case. The case was successfully solved by Agent Peggy Carter. Later that year, a new agency, the Strategic Homeland Intervention, Enforcement and Logistics Division, also known as S.H.I.E.L.D., was formed. The SSR was absorbed into S.H.I.E.L.D., becoming one of its subdivions.[8]

Subdivision of S.H.I.E.L.D.Edit

SSR Playground

The SSR logo on the wall of the Playground base.

"This was the SSR facility before S.H.I.E.L.D. was even founded. "SSR" stands for Strategic Scientific Reserve."
Jemma Simmons about the S.H.I.E.L.D. Academy[src]

After the formation of S.H.I.E.L.D., the Strategic Scientific Reserve became its research division, making weapons and inventions for the organization. One of the SSR's facilities was re-purposed as the S.H.I.E.L.D. Academy of Science and Technology and was used to train gifted young adults to become S.H.I.E.L.D. scientists.[9]

After the Battle of New York, S.H.I.E.L.D. Director Nick Fury took possession of several old SSR bases and furnished them with modern technology. He put only the most trusted agents in charge of those bases, the Koenig brothers among them. After the S.H.I.E.L.D. Civil War, those bases became the first facilities of the reorganized S.H.I.E.L.D. led by Phil Coulson. A base called the Playground became the agency's headquarters.


Name Position Status during activity
Chester Phillips Leader Active
Roger Dooley Chief Deceased
John Flynn Senior Agent Active
Peggy Carter Agent Active
Johnson Agent Active
Miller Agent Active
Wilkes Agent Active
Jack Thompson Agent Active
Daniel Sousa Agent Active
Ray Krzeminski Agent Deceased
Yauch Agent Deceased
Butch Wallace Agent Active
Mike Li Agent Deceased
Rick Ramirez Agent Alive
Reese Agent Alive
Comden Agent Alive
Corcoran Agent Deceased
Messner Agent Alive
Fisher Agent Alive
Howard Stark Scientist Active
Abraham Erskine Scientist Deceased
Alex Doobin Scientist Alive
Rose Phone Operator Active
Steve Rogers Captain America/Howling Commando Presumed Deceased
Bucky Barnes Howling Commando Presumed Deceased
Dum Dum Dugan Howling Commando Active
Jim Morita Howling Commando Active
Gabe Jones Howling Commando Active
Jacques Dernier Howling Commando Active
James Montgomery Falsworth Howling Commando Active
Gilmore Hodge Super Soldier Program Candidate Denied



This section requires expansion



Appearances for Strategic Scientific Reserve

In chronological order:


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