Unfortunately the rights of X-Men belong to 20th Century Fox so the MCU chooses to use the Inhumans similar to the X-Men so the characters are also very similar:
Quake is the AoS Central inhuman, somewhat in the same way as Jean Grey in X-Men.
His boyfriend is Lincoln, much in the same way as Cyclops.
His director is Coulson has a somewhat similar relationship with her that Professor X with Jean Grey though he has no powers.
She was trained by her mother Jiaying which has some similarities with Selene.
The right arm of Jiaying is Gordon who teleports in the same way as Nightcrawler.
Hive is one of the first inhuman, the most powerful and nastiest exactly like Apocalypse (personally I find that better Hive filled the role of Apocalypse that Apocalypse in X-Men: Apocalypse because he is very disappointing as the film ) .it has its 4 horsmen:
-Hellfire is very similar to Gambit, the same behavior and exactly the same powers.
-Alisha replaces Multiple Man
-Quake fact is a little thought to Phoenix
-Giyera, I find no reconciliation with a particular X-Men.
Lash is somewhat similar to the Beast, he was a doctor, he's a beast and he is transformed somewhat in the same way as the Beast XCU.
Charles Hinton is somewhat similar to Rogue particularly because he must not touch.
Androvich is quite similar to Shadow King.
I think physically, Raina was much like Mystique (especially eyes).
I can not speak of Eden Fesi because we do not see action and in the comics he is a mutant.
Cotrariwise I have not found any comparison about Joey, Yo-Yo, Lucio, Dwight Frye, the Belyakov, Henson and Giyera.
We want the X-Men in the MCU but we already