Wakanda, officially known as the Kingdom of Wakanda, is a small isolationist landlocked country located in Africa, surrounded by mountain ranges and a thick forest. It was ruled by King T'Challa, the heir of the mantle of Black Panther, and is the only known source of the metal Vibranium. Despite appearing to be little more than an obscure, poor third world country with little to offer to the rest of the world, it is in fact the most advanced country in the world, whose level of technology is at least several decades ahead of anywhere else on Earth.
2.5 million years ago a meteorite made of an alien metal landed in the heart of Africa, greatly affecting the surrounding flora. Centuries later, five tribes colonized the area and went to war over the metal, which they referred to as Isipho. One day, a warrior shaman named Bashenga was guided by a vision of the panther goddess Bast, who led him towards a plant that had mutated as a result of the metal's powers.
Upon ingesting the herb, Bashenga discovered he had been imbued with superhuman abilities and used them to unite the tribes as the first King of Wakanda and the first "Black Panther". Four of the tribes pledged their loyalty to Bashenga while the remaining tribe went into isolation.
As time passed, the Wakandans used the metal to develop technology that was far more highly-advanced than any other in existence. To protect themselves from the chaos that was slowly consuming the rest of the world, they created a cloaking field that allowed them to hide in plain sight.
Wakanda was marked as a "hot-spot" for activities monitored by S.H.I.E.L.D. As such, it was displayed in the holographic maps used by the organization to oversee those activities, such as the ones present in the room where Nick Fury met with Tony Stark to discuss his formal integration into the Avengers Initiative.
Theft of Vibranium
- "When stolen Wakandan vibranium was used to make a terrible weapon, we in Wakanda were forced to question our legacy. Those men and women killed in Nigeria were part of a goodwill mission from a country too long in the shadows. We will not, however, let misfortune drive us back. We will fight to improve the world we wish to join."
- ―T'Chaka at the signing of the Sokovia Accords
Sometime later, the United Nations passed the Sokovia Accords before arranging a formal ceremony at the Vienna International Centre in Austria. T'Chaka and his son T'Challa were among those in attendance. During the ceremony, as T'Chaka gave the keynote address, a bomb detonated and decimated the building, killing T'Chaka and twelve other people.
Immediately following the attack, security footage revealed that Bucky Barnes was responsible for T'Chaka's death. T'Challa, who inherited the throne, set out to kill Barnes only to discover he had been framed by Sokovian intelligence officer Helmut Zemo.
In Wakanda, the Avengers on Earth consisting of Captain America, Black Widow, War Machine, Falcon, Bruce Banner, Scarlet Witch, and Black Panther tasked Shuri with extracting the Mind Stone from an injured Vision's forehead. Thanos' army invaded and the Avengers mounted a defense alongside T'Challa and the Wakandan forces. Banner, unable to summon Hulk, fought in Stark's Hulkbuster armor. Thor, Rocket, and Groot arrived on Earth and rallied the defenses. Proxima Midnight, Cull Obsidian and Corvus Glaive were killed, their army of Outriders destroyed.
Unfortunately, at the same time, the Battle of Titan had gone poorly and Thanos had defeated the heroes that engaged him and forced Strange to give him the Time Stone. He then arrived in person to Wakanda finally, intend on personally retrieving the Mind Stone, and the heroes engaged him to stop him from getting to Vision, but Thanos's control over the fabrics of reality instantly overwhelmed them all. Alone with Maximoff, Vision told her that she had to kill him. At first, Maximoff refused out of love for Vision until he convinced her that it was the only way to stop Thanos. Maximoff then tearfully unleashed a stream of energy into the stone as the other Avengers tried to stop Thanos in futile attempts. As he defeated the Avengers with complete ease, Thanos began to approach Vision and Maximoff but was held back by a stream of energy from Scarlet Witch. Before the Mind Stone was shattered, Vision told Wanda that he loved her.
She then successfully shattered the Mind Stone, destroying Vision along with it in an explosion, but Thanos used the Time Stone to undo her actions and retrieved the stone from Vision, destroying him for good. After obtaining the Mind Stone, Thanos powered up, only to be interrupted by Thor, who unleashed the full might of his power and Stormbreaker upon Thanos in a last-minute attempt to stop him, violently stabbing him in the chest. Thor landed on the ground and walked towards the Mad Titan, pushing Stormbreaker into the latter's chest as deep as he could into Thanos, reminding him of the vow he made to Thanos for killing his brother Loki. Despite being badly wounded by Thor, Thanos remained unfazed and mocked Thor that he should have aimed for the head and activated the Infinity Gauntlet with a snap of his fingers before leaving Wakanda by a portal. Thanos' plan came to fruition as beings across the universe began to disintegrate, including in Wakanda as Bucky Barnes, Groot, Maximoff, T'Challa, Wilson and some soldiers of the Dora Milaje disappeared. Banner, M'Baku, Okoye, Rhodes, Rocket, Rogers, Romanoff, and Thor were left on the Wakandan battlefield.
- Wakanda is depicted as a small area around Lake Turkana, a point where Uganda, Kenya, South Sudan and Ethiopia meet. Interestingly, this is the location of the Ilemi Triangle, an area of land contested between Kenya and South Sudan.
- The geography of Wakanda depicted thus far shows lush vegetation, which would situate Wakanda in Central Africa, i.e. bordering the Democratic Republic of the Congo, rather than where it is seen on maps bordering Kenya and Ethiopia, where there is mostly just desert.
- During the Sokovia Accords in Vienna, T'Chaka speaks to his son T'Challa in Xhosa, and it therefore appears to be their native tongue. However, while the Wakandan language is likely to be a Bantu language (like Xhosa is) given its location, Xhosa is spoken in southern Africa, far from where Wakanda is said to be (however, the Xhosa were part of the Nguni migrations, which saw groups of Bantu speakers, head from Central Africa down south, with the Xhosa in particular once being near the Great Lakes.)
- Despite the above-mentioned, given Wakandan traditions that in the comics are said to derive from Ancient Egypt, the Wakandan language may also be Afro-Asiatic.
Behind the Scenes
- In the commentary for Iron Man 2, Jon Favreau noted Wakanda specifically as one of the locations Nick Fury was watching.
- A vibranium mine in Wakanda was a location planned to appear in Avengers: Age of Ultron, but was ultimately scrapped.
- John Kani, the actor who portrays T'Chaka, taught Chadwick Boseman to speak Xhosa for the film.
In chronological order:
- Black Panther Prelude
- Iron Man 2 (computer screen)
- Avengers: Age of Ultron (mentioned)
- Captain America: Civil War
- Black Panther
- Avengers: Infinity War Prelude
- Avengers: Infinity War
- ↑ The Art of Black Panther
- ↑ Black Panther
- ↑ Iron Man 2
- ↑ Avengers: Age of Ultron
- ↑ Captain America: Civil War
- ↑ Captain America: Civil War Mid-credits Scene
- ↑ Avengers: Infinity War
- ↑ Wakanda (Black Panther) Geography Now!
- ↑ Captain America: Civil War
- ↑ Wakanda#Religion
- ↑ Black Panther's language: Where Civil War found the words of Wakanda